The Accelerator Laboratory provides foundation to scientific research at KEK
Particle accelerators are the basis of all research activities carried out at High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK). KEK would even lose the reason for its existence, if it did not have particle accelerators. The Accelerator Laboratory (ACCL) operates all accelerators at KEK, and develops the performance of the beam, which provides the basis of all corporative experiment on elementary particles and nuclear physics and also material and life sciences, etc., for researchers in Japan and the world. It is also endeavoring to research and develop future accelerators and related technologies.
At Tsukuba Campus, ACCL has started the operation of SuperKEKB B-Factory (electron-positron colliding rings with an injector linac) toward higher-performance beam by upgrading KEKB B-Factory, which gave experimental verification to Kobayashi-Maskawa theory to win 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics. It also operates two rings at Photon Factory (PF and PF-AR), which is a pioneer of synchrotron light sources in the world as well as Slow Positron Facility. Also it performs R&D for the KEK LS as one of the candidates for future light source. In addition, developments for the International Linear Collider (ILC) have been done at experimental accelerators ATF and STF.
At Tokai Campus, ACCL has already started the operation of J-PARC for user’s experiments together with JAEA, and is paying a lot of efforts to improve beam performance with conquering various issues accompanied by a high intensity proton beam.
ACCL has conducted collaboration research with various accelerator laboratories and researchers in the world, including the United States (Fermilab, SLAC, Cornell Univ., JLab, etc.), Asia (IHEP-Beijing, Shanghai, Pohan, Taiwan, BINP, RRCAT etc.) and Europe (CERN, DESY, INFN, CEA, STFC etc.). Furthermore, collaborating with companies or other organizations, ACCL promotes R&D of accelerators for medical application and industrial application.
The KEK Roadmap Open Symposium was held on July 6, 2020. (2020.8.4)
The KEK Roadmap Open Symposium was held on July 6, 2020 at KEK with remote connections.
In order to describe the research strategy of KEK for 5 years (2014-2018), the current KEK roadmap was created in 2013, revised in 2016, and updated in 2019. KEK intends to renew the roadmap since the next KEK midterm target and plan period will start from April 2022. ---more
SuperKEKB collider achieves the world's highest luminosity (2020.6.26)
Japan’s High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) has been steadily improving the performance of its flagship electron-positron collider, SuperKEKB, since it produced its first electron-positron collisions in April 2018. At 20:34 on 15th June 2020, SuperKEKB achieved the world’s highest instantaneous luminosity for a colliding-beam accelerator, setting a record of 2.22×1034cm-2s-1. Previously, the KEKB collider, which was SuperKEKB’s predecessor and was operated by KEK from 1999 to 2010, had achieved the world’s highest luminosity, reaching 2.11×1034cm-2s-1. KEKB’s record was surpassed in 2018, when the LHC proton-proton collider at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) overtook the KEKB luminosity at 2.14×1034cm-2s-1. SuperKEKB’s recent achievement returns the title of world’s highest luminosity colliding-beam accelerator to KEK.（＊）
（＊）The current record is 2.40×1034cm-2s-1, obtained at 00:53 JST on June 21st. ---more
"We are committed to making the ILC a success" - LCWS participants publish "Sendai Statement" in support of the International Linear Collider- (2019.11.1)
Scientists gathering in Sendai, Japan, for a scientific conference about a possible future particle physics projects to lead next generation of research following the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, reaffirmed their commitment to engage in the construction and scientific exploitation of the International Linear Collider (ILC) as a global project. ---more
KEK publishes the International Working Group's Recommendations for International Linear Collider (2019.10.2)
Tsukuba, Japan - 2 October 2019. KEK published a document on the recommendations for the International Linear Collider (ILC), a next-generation particle physics project, based on the report by the International Working Group on the ILC. The purpose of this document is to present some important aspects on implementation of the ILC project. ---more
STF-2 Beam Operation Demonstrates ILC Specifications (2019.5.28)
KEK’s Superconducting RF Test Facility (STF) operated the first beams during February and March 2019 and demonstrated results that satisfy the specifications for the International Linear Collider (ILC). ---more
ILC International Working Group Established -- First Meeting Held in Granada (2019.5.24)
KEK established the International Working Group on the International Linear Collider (ILC) project to discuss issues such as international cost sharing. The First Meeting of the Working Group was held on Friday, 17 May, in Granada, Spain. ---more
To KEK users: Update on the fire in the accelerator structure assembly room at the electron-positron injector linac building (2019.4.26)
INFO Dear KEK Users, The electron-positron injector linac has been brought back on line, with great support and assistance from many people in and outside KEK. ---more
To KEK Users: On the fire in the accelerating structure assembly room at the electron-positron injector linac (2019.4.11)
INFO Dear KEK Users, We sincerely apologize for the great inconvenience and concern arising from this fire. We are also deeply appreciative of the understanding and offers of assistance. ---more
Fire in the accelerator structure assembly room at electron-positron injector linac (2019.4.9)
At 9:44 pm on April 3rd, on the KEK Tsukuba campus, a fire alarm went off in the accelerator structure assembly room at electron-positron injector linac (a general radiation area) and the fire department was called to the site.
The cause of the alarm was determined to be an electric pulse modulator used in microwave power source, which had suffered a burnout. This event did not cause any human injuries or radiation leakage. We apologize to everyone for any concern or alarm. ---more
Kick-off of the Belle II Phase 3 Physics Run (2019.3.26)
On March 25 19:44 (JST), 2019, electron-positron collisions have restarted at the SuperKEKB collider, and the Belle II experiment has now kicked off its physics data taking. Belle II is now fully instrumented with a state-of-the-art vertex detector, just in time for the start of the cherry blossom season in Japan. ---more
SuperKEKB Phase 3 (Belle II Physics Run) Starts (2019.3.12)
On March 11th, 2019, Phase 3 operation of the SuperKEKB project began successfully, marking a major milestone in the development of Japan’s leading particle collider. This phase will be the physics run of the project, in which the Belle II experiment will start taking data with a fully instrumented detector. ---more
Minuscule Gremlins Cause Vacuum Breakdown
in Radio-Frequency Accelerating Cavities (2019.1.22)
Radio-frequency (RF) accelerating cavities (hereinafter referred to simply as RF cavities) are at the heart of many modern particle accelerators. An RF cavity is a metal resonator that can store high-energy microwaves to accelerate charged particles by the high-electric field of the stored microwaves. ---more
( linked 2019.1.23)
First Beam Experiment by the Collaboration between 3 Nations: Japan, UK and USA (2011.06.23)
After 15 years of waiting the first tests of a novel Low Output Impedance (LOI) acceleration system with beam in the ISIS proton synchrotron at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL), UK, were completed on April 17, 2011. The system was quite stable under high-intensity beam current, and the output impedance was measured to be as low as 35ohms, which is almost the design value and about 40 times lower than that in the existing acceleration systems. There is still much more work to do to make this system – or something like it – an operational part of a real synchrotron, but the initial results are very promising. This approach may point the way towards upgrades of existing accelerators and future high-intensity ones. ---more
( linked 2011.06.23)
Accelerated Higher Intensity Heavy Ion Beam with New Linac System (2011.04.14)
Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors in Tokyo Institute of Technology had developed a multi-beam type RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) linac system accelerating several heavy ion beams in parallel in one cavity. This system has made it possible for generating high intensity heavy ion beams, never before possible such as 100 mA and more, without growing the machine scale. ---more
( linked 2011.04.14)
Japanese 9-cell SCRF cavity meets ILC specifications (2010.12.09)
Designing and fabricating an optimal accelerating cavity is not so simple. There are two important parameters scientists are looking for: the gradient of 35 megavolts per meter (MV/m) and the quality factor (Q0) of greater than 8×109. A Japanese cavity now fulfilled those requirements for the first time at a test which took place at the Superconducting radiofrequency Test Facility (STF) at KEK, adding momentum towards future mass production. ---more
( linked 2010.12.09 / ILC Newsline linked 2010.12.09 )
Start operation of the Small Electron Linear Accelerator for calibration of the Fluorescence Detector of the Telescope Array experiment (2010.10.14)
The Telescope Array ( TA ) experiment is a ultra-high energy cosmic rays ( UHECRs ) observation which is established in the desert area about 200 km far from Salt Lake City in Utah state, north U.S. We began the observation in April 2008. The UHECRs are the highest primary cosmic rays which have energy more than 1018 eV. However, we do not understand any fundamental features, for example the chemical composition, their generation and acceleration mechanism, and the theoretical flux limit ( GZK-cutoff ). ---more
( linked 2010.10.21)
Using Crab Cavities, KEKB Breaks Luminosity World Record (Current operation summary) (2020.6)
Peak Luminosity2.40×1034cm-2s-1 (2020.6.21 0:53)
Daily Integrated Luminosity 1.4794 /fb (2009.6.14)
International collaboration at KEKB
■Global Collaboration Between KEKB and LHC on Crab Cavities(2008.10.3)
■CesrTA project at Cornell University(2008.9.29)
J-PARC News - May. 2020 (Issue #181) July 8, 2020
J-PARC News - Apr. 2020 (Issue #180) June 17, 2020
J-PARC News - Mar. 2020 (Issue #179) June 11, 2020
J-PARC News - Feb. 2020 (Issue #178) Mar. 26, 2020
Nambu, Kobayashi and Maskawa win the 2008 Nobel Prize for Physics.(2008.10.7)
Kobayashi and Maskawa are awarded for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature.
The Accelerator that Proved the Nobelists' Theory: KEKB
On Wednesday, 24 September, KEK held a symposium entitled "Starting up the world's most powerful accelerators: LHC and J-PARC" in Tokyo. This symposium was the second one in a series of symposiums aiming for gaining more understanding of accelerator science.