Naoki Yamatsu, Kyushu University
Chiral Generations in Vectorlike Model with Noncompact Horizontal Symmetry
One of the most remarkable features in Nature is the existence of three generations of chiral quarks and leptons and these mass hierarchy. To understand the particle properties, I have been studying the supersymmetric vectorlike model with a noncompact group horizontal symmetry. The model has two aspects: (1) Three chiral generations emerge as a result of spontaneous breaking of the horizontal symmetry in the vectorlike model. (2) The structure of Yukawa couplings is constrained by the horizontal symmetry and become hierarchical naturally. In this talk, I will mainly discuss the above two characters. I will also introduce some other aspects of the model.
Hideo Kodama, KEK
[理論宇宙物理グループセミナー] Introduction to the toric CY compactification
E. Witten: “Strong coupling expansion of Calabi-Yau compactification”, NPB471:135 (1996)
M. Kreuzer: “Toric Geometry and Calabi-Yau Compactifications”, hep-th/0612307.
Seung-Joo Lee: “Combinatorics in N = 1 Heterotic Vacua”, arXiv:1105.3462
Lara B. Anderson, James Gray, Andre Lukas, Burt Ovrut: “Stabilizing All Geometric Moduli in Heterotic Calabi-Yau Vacua”, arXiv:1102.0011
Ken'ichiro Nakazato, Tokyo University of Science
Exploring Hadron Physics in Black Hole Formations: a New Promising Target of Neutrino Astronomy
Recently, we have performed several sets of core-collapse simulation of a non-rotating star with 40Msolar by a general relativistic neutrino-radiation-hydrodynamics code so as to compute quantitatively the dynamics up to the black hole formation as well as the neutrino luminosities and spectra. Employing different hadronic equations of state (EOS), we have demonstrated that the duration of neutrino emissions from this event is sensitive to the stiffness of EOS at supra-nuclear densities and, therefore, that the observation of neutrinos from such an event will provide us with valuable information on the properties of dense and hot hadronic matter. While this approach can not distinguish EOS’s with a similar stiffness: a soft nucleonic EOS and a hyperonic EOS, for example, we find that we can break this degeneracy by analyzing more in detail the time variation of neutrino numbers observed at a terrestrial detector. Performing the Kolmogolov-Smirnov test, which is free from the ambiguity of the distance to the progenitor, we show that the break-up of the degeneracy of hadronic EOS’s is indeed feasible for Galactic events. Ref. Nakazato et al. Physical Review D 81 (2010) 083009
Thomas Durt, Institut Fresnel, Marseille
Fundamental aspects of Time in Quantum Mechanics and Meson Phenomenology
Mesons illustrate fundamental quantum properties such as the superposition principle (for instance in kaon oscillations), and their phenomenology also appeared very useful in the past for measuring CP-violation related effects. More recently, mesons were also useful for testing decoherence and entanglement related effects. The aim of our talk is to show that mesons could also be useful for revealing and/or studying fundamental aspects of Time in the quantum theory, such as the existence of a Time Operator (and also of the so-called Time Superoperator).
Naoki Yoshida, IPMU
Tomo Takahashi, Saga Universtity
Probing the early Universe with isocurvature fluctuations and non-Gaussianity
I discuss primordial fluctuations and its non-Gaussianity in models with isocurvature perturbations. First I describe a general formalism which can give a systematic calculation of non-linear perturbations in models with isocurvature fluctuations. Then I discuss isocurvature fluctuations and non-Gaussianity in the mixed curvaton and inflaton model where the curvaton and the inflaton are both responsible for cosmic density fluctuations. The issue of differentiating CDM and baryon isocurvature modes using 21 cm fluctuations is also briefly discussed.
References: D. Langlois, T. Takahashi, arXiv:1012.4885 M. Kawasaki, T. Sekiguchi, T. Takahashi, arXiv:1104.5591
Makoto Nozawa, KEK
[理論宇宙物理グループセミナー] Black holes in an expanding universe
Black holes in the isolated and stationary spacetimes have been intensively studied so far. They are completely characterized by conserved charges and exhausted by Kerr family. Black holes in non-isolated and dynamical background, on the other hand, have been less understood. In particular, the black-hole spacetime which is asymptotically FLRW universe is of considerable importance when discussing formation and evaporation of primordial black holes. In this talk, I will give a talk on the study of `black hole candidate’ recently obtained by Ohta et al, which is specified by a set of harmonic functions. We established that this geometry indeed describes a black hole in a decelerating FLRW universe satisfying appropriate physical conditions. This solution can be generalized to a universe with an arbitrary power law expansion and to any number of spacetime dimensions. Furthermore, we show that in five dimensions this solution is pseudo-supersymmetric in fake supergravity coupled to arbitrary number of scalars and gauge fields. We discuss physical properties and causal structures in detail.
参考文献：Kei-ichi Maeda & Masato Nozawa, Phys.Rev. D81 (2010) 124038; D83 (2011) 024018
Sergey Ketov, Tokyo Metropolitan University
Cosmological Inflation in Supergravity: The Meeting Point of Cosmology and High-Energy Physics
We propose a simple (most economic, based on gravity and supersymmetry only) and viable realization of cosmological (chaotic) inflation of early Universe. It is based on a new theory of supergravity that we call F(R) supergravity. The F(R) supergravity can be understood as the N=1 locally supersymmetric extension of popular theories of f(R) gravity in four spacetime dimensions. Our proposal to inflation uses the supersymmetric extension of the (R+R^2) inflationary model of Starobinsky. The F(R) supergravity theory was invented by me just for that purpose. In my talk I review the Starobinsky inflation, the F(R) supergravity and their applications to the Early Universe cosmology. However, those are not the only features of the proposed approach. The universal reheating and particle production after inflation in the context of F(R) supergravity are briefly discussed too.
Masato Yamanaka, KEK
Big-bang nucleosynthesis with a long-lived CHAMP including helium-4 spallation process
Long-lived charged massive particle (CHAMP) plays a role as catalyzer of exotic nuclear reactions in the Big-bang nucleosynthesis era. I discuss the primordial abundances of light elements involving the helium-4 spallation processes, the catalyzed fusion processes, and the internal conversion processes. Furthermore, I show the cosmologically favored parameter space in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with long-lived stau via solving the Lithium-7 problem
[原子核・ハドロングループセミナー] Exotic baryons from a heavy meson and a nucleon --Negative parity states --II