Tomonori Ugajin, YITP

Entanglement between two disjoint universes

##### We study island phenomena of a thermo field like entangled state on two disjoint universes when gravity is turned only on one of them.

We show even in this case the entanglement entropy between two universes is computed by a generalized entropy, of the region on the gravitating universe which minimizes the function. The entanglement between two universes creates a causal shadow region in the black hole in the gravitating universe, which is identified with the island in this set up in the high temperature limit. We also confirm when the entanglement temperature is larger than the temperature of the black hole, the entanglement entropy between two universe coincides with the black hole entropy, a kind of Page behavior.The growth of the causal shadow region in the black hole interior has a natural interpretation in the holographic dual of this setup. The holographic setup involves one dimensional higher eternal black hole, whose boundaries naturally realize two universes. Since the causal shadow defines an interval on one of the boundaries, its growth means the growth of the entanglement wedge of the non gravitating universe, which leads to the complete bulk reconstruction from the non gravitating boundary.

Yuta Hamada, Laboratoire AstroParticule et Cosmologie

Brane gaugino condensate and 10d description of 4d de Sitter vacua

##### We analyze the structure of gaugino interactions on D7-branes from a 10d perspective. This is essential if one wants to lift the standard 4d approach to type IIB moduli stabilization in 10d. Motivated by the structure of heterotic and Horava-Witten theories, we suggest an extension of the brane action by a particular four gaugino operator. In a simple toroidal compactification, we demonstrate that the 4d effective potential is exactly reproduced from 10d.

Yuya Tanizaki, YITP, Kyoto University

Modifying instanton sums in QCD

##### In the path integral formulation, we need to sum up all possible field configurations to define a QFT. If the configuration space is disconnected, we must specify how they should be summed by giving extra data to specify the QFT. In this talk, we try to restrict the possible number of instantons in SU(N) gauge theories, Yang-Mills theory and QCD, and we find out the vacuum structures of them. For consistency with locality, we have to introduce an extra topological degrees of freedom, and the theory acquires the 3-form symmetry. The existence of this 3-form symmetry leads to extra vacua/universes, and moreover it turns out to give a stronger version of superselection rule for the domain-wall excitation/vacuum decay.

Kazunori Kohri, KEK

[cosmophys seminar] Photodissociation of light elements with sub-GeV massive decaying particles

##### We consider the effects of the injections of energetic photon and electron (or positron) on the big-bang nucleosynthesis. We study the photodissociation of light elements in the early Universe those injections paying particular attention to the case that the injection energy is sub-GeV and derive upper bounds on the primordial abundances of the massive decaying particle as a function of its lifetime. We pay particular attention to the case that the injection energy is sub-GeV. We also discuss a solution of the Li7 problem in this framework.

Yutaka Ookouchi, Kyushu University

Catalytic Creation of Baby Bubble Universe with Small Positive Cosmological Constant

##### In this talk, I will discuss the decay of metastable de Sitter vacua catalyzed by a black hole and a cloud of strings and apply the method to the creation of the four dimensional bubble universe in the five dimensional AdS spacetime. We study the bounce action for the creation and find that the bubble with very small cosmological constant is favored by the catalysis by assuming appropriate mass scales of the black hole and the cloud of strings to reproduce the present energy densities of matter and radiation in the bubble universe.

Jian-Hua Gao, Shandong University, China

[KEK-Keio-YITP joint seminar] The second order anomalous currents from Wigner function approach

##### Recently, anomalous hydrodynamics has caused extensively concern in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, the condensed matter physics and so on. In this talk, we will present the second order anomalous transport coefficients derived from the Wigner equation for massless spin-1/2 charged fermions near global equilibrium. We can obtain the Wigner function order by order in the power expansion of the vorticity and electromagnetic field. The Wigner function is derived up to the second order from which the non-dissipative charge currents and the stress tensor can be obtained. At the second order, the vector and axial Hall currents can be induced along the direction orthogonal to the vorticity and electromagnetic field; the charge and energy densities and the pressure have contributions from the vorticity and electromagnetic field. In our method, all the conservation laws are satisfied automatically. We also discuss the trace anomaly in the stress tensor.

Norimi Yokozaki, KEK

SUSY models for muon g-2, and lepton flavor violations

##### We consider supersymmetric (SUSY) models for the muon g-2 anomaly, without flavor violations at the tree level. The models can avoid the stringent LHC constraints, and can explain the observed dark matter nature as well. Although the models do not induce too large flavor violating processes within the framework of minimal SUSY standard model, once we adopt a seesaw model to explain the smallness of neutrino masses and the observed baryon asymmetry through thermal Leptogenesis, lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes such as $¥mu ¥to e ¥gamma$ and $¥mu ¥to e$ conversion are likely to be detected at future LFV experiments.

Hidehiko Shimada,YITP, Kyoto University

Bose-Einstein Condensation and large-N colour confinement

##### I will discuss my recent work arXiv:2001.10459 with Masanori Hanada(Southampton) and Nico Wntergerst(Niels Bohr Institute).

In that work we have pointed out that colour confinement in large-N gauge theory and Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) share basic characteristic features, order paramters, and the basic mechanism. Thus, at a basic level, BEC and large-N confinement may be considered as the same phenomenon, the only difference being that of the gauge symmetry group, S_N for BEC and SU(N) for confinement.

Naoto Kan, Tokyo Institute of Technology

[KEK-Keio-YITP joint seminar] From 3d dualities to hadron physics

##### When one of the space-time dimension is compactified on S1, the QCD exhibits the chiral phase transition at some critical radius. When we further turn on a background θ term which depends on the S1 compactified coordinate, a topological ordered phase appears at low energy via the winding of θ. We discuss what kind of theories can describe the physics near the critical point by requiring the matching of topological field theories in the infrared. As one of the possibilities, we propose a scenario where the ρ and ω mesons form a U(Nf) gauge theory near the critical point. In the phase where the chiral symmetry is restored, they become the dual gauge boson of the gluon related by the level-rank duality between the three dimensional gauge theories, SU(N)Nf and U(Nf)−N.

Hiroki Matsui, KEK

[cosmophys seminar] Swampland Constraints on No-Boundary Quantum Cosmology