KENS 中性子科学研究系

KEK

月例研究報告 9月

1. 共同利用状況など

【 中性子共同利用実験審査委員会 】

 委員会を2020年7月31日に開催した。マルチプローブ共同利用実験課題年次評価について、現在有効な課題1件の中間評価の内容が了承された。2020B期及び2021A期の中性子共同利用S1型課題へのビームタイム配分について審議した。2020年度中性子共同利用S1型実験課題各年評価の実施要項について審議し、研究計画書の提出期限を2020年11月13日17時とした。2021年度中性子共同利用S1型実験課題公募の公募要項について審議し、申請書の提出期限を2020年11月13日17時とした。



2. 研究グループの活動状況

(1) 量子物性グループ

【 BL12高分解能チョッパー分光器HRC 】

◆ 研究成果

 Establishing the carrier scattering phase diagram for ZrNiSn-based half-Heusler thermoelectric materials

 Since the thermoelectric materials enable direct conversion between heat and electricity, they are considered an important part of solutions to the energy crisis. Half-Heusler compound is a promising thermoelectric material with excellent electrical power factor and has been developed for the power generation [1]. Although the electron-phonon interaction was found to suppress lattice thermal conductivity [2] and the acoustic phonons could carry the dominant lattice thermal conductivity, the theoretical analysis suggested this system with a weak acoustic phonon scattering, even smaller than the optical phonon scattering [3], which contradicts the general expectation. We regulated the carrier concentration of ZrNiSn by doping Sb and obtained the phonon density-of-states by the inelastic neutron scattering spectrometer, HRC. The measurements demonstrated a weak electron-acoustic phonon interaction in ZrNiSn-based compounds, and the electron doping did not make obvious change in the lattice thermal conductivity, while the optical phonons split with different carrier concentration. Hence, we revealed important scattering beyond the expected acoustic phonon scattering: specifically, ionized impurity, grain boundary, and polar optical phonon scatterings can be well screened by mobile electron gas, and this screening effect causes a non-monotonous dependence of the mobility on carrier concentration. This work will help us understand the carrier scattering mechanisms and electron-phonon interactions in thermoelectric semiconductors. Moreover, we established a carrier scattering ‘phase diagram’, which would not only provide guides for the optimization of TE performance, but also refresh the method of designing a new TE system. This work is published on Nature Communications [4]. The neutron-scattering experiment at HRC was performed with the J-PARC under user proposal programs (2017A0071 and 2018B0281).



図1. (a) S(Q,E) of ZrNiSn by inelastic neutron scattering; (b) Carrier concentration dependence of phonon density-of-state; (c) the simulated phonon dispersions of ZrNiSn by first-principles calculations; (d) the scattering effect between LO and TO, rTF is Thomas-Fermi screen radius; (e) Phonon density-of-state vs LO-TO splitting; (f) Carrier concentration vs mobility for half-Heusler compounds.



[1] Xing, et al., Energy Environ. Sci. 12, 3390 (2019).
[2] Fu, et al., Nat. Commun. 6, 8144 (2015).
[3] Zhou, et al., Nat. Commun. 9, 1721 (2018).
[4] Qingyong Ren, Chenguang Fu, Qinyi Qiu, Shengnan Dai, Zheyuan Liu, Takatsugu Masuda, Shinichiro Asai, Masato Hagihala, Sanghyun Lee, Shuki Torri, Takashi Kamiyama, Lunhua He, Xin Tong, Claudia Felser, David J. Singh, Tiejun Zhu, Jiong Yang, and Jie Ma, Nat. Commun. 11, 3142 (2020).



(2) ソフトマターグループ

【 BL16ソフト界面解析装置SOFIA 】

◆ 論文等

  • Y. Higaki, M. Kobayashi, and A. Takahara,
    "Hydration State Variation of Polyzwitterion Brushes through Interplay with Ions",
    Langmuir, 36, 9015, (2020).



(3) 水素貯蔵基盤研究グループ

【 BL21高強度全散乱装置NOVA 】

◆ 論文等

  • PengWu, Feng-Ren Fan, Masato Hagihala, Maiko Kofu, Kunling Peng, Yoshihisa Ishikawa, Sanghyun Lee, Takashi Honda, Masao Yonemura, Kazutaka Ikeda, Toshiya Otomo, GuoyuWang, KenjiNakajima, Zhe Sun and Takashi Kamiyama,
    "Strong lattice anharmonicity exhibited by the high-energy optical phonons in thermoelectric material",
    New J. Phys., 22, 083083, (2020).
  • Yongquan Zhoua, Toshio Yamaguchi, Wenqian Zhang, Kazutaka Ikeda, Koji Yoshida, Fayan Zhu, Hongyan Liu,
    "The structural elucidation of aqueous H3BO3 solutions by DFT and neutron scattering studies",
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22, 17160-17170, (2020).



(4) 構造科学グループ

【 BL08超高分解能粉末中性子回折装置 SuperHRPD 】

◆ 論文等

  • Mitsuru Nitta, Nobuaki Nagao, Yuki Nomura, Taku Hirasawa, Yuki Sakai, Takahiro Ogata, Masaki Azuma, Shuki Torii, Toru Ishigaki, and Yasuhisa Inada,
    "High-Brightness Red-Emitting Phosphor La3(Si,Al)6(O,N)11:Ce3+ for Next-Generation Solid-State Light Sources",
    ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 12, 31652–31658, (2020).



【 BL09特殊環境中性子回折装置SPICA 】

◆ 論文等

  • PengWu, Feng-Ren Fan, Masato Hagihala, Maiko Kofu, Kunling Peng, Yoshihisa Ishikawa, Sanghyun Lee, Takashi Honda, Masao Yonemura, Kazutaka Ikeda, Toshiya Otomo, GuoyuWang, KenjiNakajima, Zhe Sun and Takashi Kamiyama,
    "Strong lattice anharmonicity exhibited by the high-energy optical phonons in thermoelectric material",
    New J. Phys., 22, 083083, (2020).